Some parts of India are flooded with rain,they don’t have place to live till the flooded rain water gets drained,in some other parts people are longing to get water for irrigation and their basic needs. Loss in one place can be utilized as a resource in one place. So India as whole will be benefited. The main purpose of national utilization of water resources is uniform and proper use of this resource at every place,in order to avoid problem between the states,nationalization should be done,but on the other hand it is also necessary that it should not be merely a political agenda.
The rivers flowing from the north to south are not 100% utilized by the individual states efficiently. Because some state may need water and some may not need depending upon the geographical location,requirement,agriculture,etc. So the unused water of these rivers are directed to the sea. So what the government has planned to nationalize the rivers by constructing a water channel from north to south,like hoe the national highways are there in our country. we will have the water highway routes in the form of the channels.
At present water resources in, India are under the control of respective state government,to nationalize it all state governments must accept it. Detailed well planned architecturehave to be prepared to connect all rivers without any city gets affected. Lakhs and lakhs of acres of land will be needed to connect all rivers,this must be taken care by the respective state government. I like to approach this problem in two steps. The country can be divided into zones. each zone can include equal number of states with and without the problem of water scarcity. Each zone can be controlled by a panel formes by the central government. The panel can be the final authority regarding the planning and execution of the entire project and it takes decision regarding the water sharing formula between the states in a particular.
The same board can take steps to spread awareness among the masses regarding the water scarcity situation that is prevailing in every corner of the globe and especially in developing countries like ours and take measurements to teach the efficient use of water,its conservation and some knowledge about preventing pollution of water bodies. They should also be taught about the need for afforestation and how forests can bring rain. This program can be initiated in all schools and colleges run by the state and central government.
The government can also take the help of various organizations that are working for this cause. Last but not the least the rural masses need more education regarding the present situation. Plays can be organized to tell the people about the dangers of water scarcity. Apart from the satisfaction of water,employment oppurtunites can be given to people. Hydel power generation is possible from this project. Also water transport will become familier inside the nation.
This dispute can only be solved when people of tamilnadu and Karnataka realize that its their own family member on other side who is using water for quenching his thirst or using it in farms I know it is too idealistic but this is the only way to solve the problem. To solve all these kinds of problems all rivers in India should be nationalized and a neutral committee comprising of experts in water resource, major political leaders of the states in dispute and central political authority should be formed.
The decision of that committee should become binding to all the parties involved in dispute. Again this solution involves individual honesty and national perspective and in my view both of these are lacking in India. The only way out of these types of problems is the realization by all Indians about their responsibility as citizens. River kaveri is like any mother is treating her children equal with its flow but its her children who are not treating each other equal and right. I hope the better sense prevails. May almighty direct out intellect in right direction.